Free speech : Liza Donnelly is dedicating 2018 to the rights of women.

Publié par Bruno CAÏETTI

Dimanche 11 février 2018 | Libres Paroles

© Liza Donnelly

Trump claims to love women, but many American women are gritting their teeth. For New York cartoonist Liza Donnelly, respect for the rights of women is not just a legal matter, but above all a question of culture.

© Lisa Donnelly, « I love women. », 2017 & © Lisa Donnelly, « I’m sorry. », 2017, Exhibition « The sharp end of the pencil : women’s rights – Political cartoons, sketches and freedom. »

« Without rights there is no freedom of expression; without freedom of expression there are no rights » Liza Donnelly

© Liza Donnelly, self-portrait, Exhibition « The sharp end of the pencil : women’s rights – Political cartoons, sketches and freedom. »

© Liza Donnelly, «The CBS’eye», Exhibition « The sharp end of the pencil : women’s rights – Political cartoons, sketches and freedom. »

Liza Donnelly grew up in Washington during the Civil Rights Movement, the Watergate hearings, and the early feminist movement. Feminist militant, speaker, curator, author of sixteen books including Funny Ladies and Sex and Sensibility, her cartoons appear regularly in many newspapers and magazines including The New Yorker. She invented a new form of journalism by drawing directly onto her tablet for CBS News, Medium, NBC... for whom she produced live coverage of the 2017 U.S. presidential election. She is a member of the international organization Cartooning for Peace.

Humorous drawing is, for her, a universal means of communicating throughout the world, across frontiers. It starts with an idea which is born from observing the world, reading the paper or browsing the internet. Cartoonists, she says, are like sponges, taking in people, their obsessions and their behaviour, and recreating them on their drawing boards. Drawing is like directing a show; image and words have to be perfectly choreographed in order for the drawing to become a timeless work of art. 

 

Liza Donnelly draws to bring about change.

Liza Donnelly agreed to answer a few questions for Le Crayon, and we thank her warmly.

© Liza Donnelly, « Freedom » & © Liza Donnelly, Immigrants in search of freedom », Exhibition « The sharp end of the pencil : women’s rights – Political cartoons, sketches and freedom. ».

 

© Liza Donnelly, « Culture », Exhibition « The sharp end of the pencil : women’s rights – Political cartoons, sketches and freedom. »

© Liza Donnelly, « On the social rulebook », Exhibition « The sharp end of the pencil : women’s rights – Political cartoons, sketches and freedom. »

Bruno Caïetti for Le Crayon - You are one of the most famous and best-known press cartoonists in the world; for you, what is the function —or maybe the mission— of cartoons?

Liza Donnelly - I see political cartoons as a form of communication. On the one hand, they serve a purpose to expose corruption, injustice in the world, shed light on the wrongs of government leaders and cultural habits.   But cartoons also can be a form of dialogue between people, a discussion of issues that are important and about which there might be disagreement. Of course one purpose is to bring smiles and laughter to people sometimes - although not always.

B. C. - The 2018 exhibition of Le Crayon is devoted to the rights of women: as a person who travels a lot and knows the international scene, does it surprise you that in France, self-proclaimed “country of  human rights", we feel the need to organize this kind of exhibition? 

Liza Donnelly - Not at all!  The most liberal countries still have problems with equal rights for women, including the United States. This is because while a country may have equality laws, it is the culture too that must change. And that takes a long time. Cartoons can help people grasp the need for change. Cartoons point out the silly things people do to others, and expose bad behavior with laughter sometimes. 

 

© Liza Donnelly, « In one second » & © Liza Donnelly, « Am i going to get raped checklist », Exhibition « The sharp end of the pencil : women’s rights – Political cartoons, sketches and freedom. »

 

B. C. - How is the situation in the United States concerning women's rights; and how do you reflect it, or confront it, as a cartoonist?

Liza Donnelly - The situation for women’s rights is good in the US, but could be better, of course.  

© Liza Donnelly, « Women are diverse » & © Liza Donnelly, « Mommy, what did you do in the war on women ? » & © Liza Donnelly, « Some kids at school called you a feminist, Mom, but i punched them out. » Exhibition « The sharp end of the pencil : women’s rights – Political cartoons, sketches and freedom. »

We do not have enough women in powerful government positions, but that may be changing this year because many women are running for office.  There is still pay inequality, and a lot of sexual harassment and rape and we are trying as a country to lower those cases. As I said before, change not only needs to happen in legislation and pay rates, but in cultural attitudes. 

People in their personal and professional lives need to start treating women as equal.   As Hillary Clinton famously said in 1995 at the UN World Conference on Women in China, “Women’s rights are human rights and human rights are women’s rights, once and for all.”

 

© Liza Donnelly, untitled & © Liza Donnelly, « The news », Exhibition « The sharp end of the pencil : women’s rights – Political cartoons, sketches and freedom. »

B. C. - Our exhibition brings together female cartoonists from all around the world. As you are really a specialist on the subject, what would you say sets apart female cartoonists from male cartoonists ? (in sense of humor, treatment of subjects, etc.)

Liza Donnelly - Cartoonists are cartoonists, and whether you are a man or a woman makes little difference. Women do not draw differently from men, they do not have a different approach, and women do not all draw the same way nor do they think the same way. Women are diverse.  The one thing women can bring to the table as women is experience at being a woman.

Men can’t do that (but transgender men could bring an interesting view).  Male cartoonists can and should draw cartoons about women’s rights.  But only women can draw feminist cartoons from the point of view of being a woman.  We need all viewpoints!

 

Lisa Donnelly, Funny ladies. The NewYorker’s greatest women cartoonists and their cartoons, 2005. / © Lisa Donnelly, « Cartoon equality », 2017, Exhibition « The sharp end of the pencil : women’s rights – Political cartoons, sketches and freedom. » & Liza Donnelly, Sex and sensibility. Ten women examine the lunacy of Modern love… in 200 cartoons, 2008.

B. C. - Lastly, cartooning, and in particular drawing for the press, needs a total freedom of expression to thrive. With your extensive experience, would you say that the freedom of expression has increased or decreased? And how do you see the future of it?

 

© Liza Donnelly, « Peace ».

© Liza Donnelly,Tribute to victims of Charlie Hebdo attacks, January 2015.

Liza Donnelly – I think in countries like France and the U.S., it is the same, freedom of expression has not decreased or increased. 

As you know, lately we’ve had some challenges in that regard in cartooning, but I see those as learning times.

As difficult--  and sadly deadly-- as they were, they were important to go through.  But certainly in individual countries with dictatorships, it has decreased.  

The Internet makes it harder for such governments to keep people quiet, and that’s good. I think the future of freedom of expression is good! 

 

Interview conducted by Bruno CAÏETTI 

Liza Donnelly is a member of the International Committee of Cartoonists who has joined our project of a touring exhibition : “The sharp end of the pencil : women’s rights! Exhibition of Caricatures, political cartoons and freedom of expression” which Le Crayon is organizing for 2018 in partnership with France-Cartoons and the Festival du Dessin de Presse et de la Caricature de l' Estaque (FIDEP).

LIZA DONNELLY key dates :

1979 : Sells her first drawing to The New Yorker.

2005 : Publication of her book Funny Ladies to the timeline (2005) (a history of women cartoonists.) The same year, at the time of the affair of the Muhammed cartoons, she addresses the United Nations on behalf of Cartooning for Peace.

2012 : Represents the US Department of State in Palestine and Israel, to discuss the political impact of cartoons as an instrument for peace.

2014 : Publication of her book, Cartoon Marriage.

2016 : Joins the CBS News team. 

 

© Lisa Donnelly, « #Metoo », 2017, Exhibition « The sharp end of the pencil : women’s rights – Political cartoons, sketches and freedom. »

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